This drama was written by William Shakespeare between and The plot is set in the country of Denmark, and the main protagonist is Prince Hamlet.
Whether considered as literature, philosophy, or drama, its artistic stature is universally admitted. To explain the reasons for its excellence in a few words, however, is a daunting task.
According to this view, Hamlet is disturbed and eventually deranged by his Oedipal jealousy of the uncle who has done what, Freud claimed, all sons long to do themselves. However, Renaissance drama is not generally a drama of motivation, either by psychological character or moral predetermination.
Rather, the Renaissance tendency is to present characters with well-delineated moral and ethical dispositions who are faced with dilemmas. It is the outcome of these conflicts, the consequences rather than the process, that normally holds center stage.
What Shakespeare presents in Hamlet, Prince of Denmark is an agonizing confrontation between the will of a good and intelligent man and the uncongenial role—that of avenger—that fate calls upon him to play.
The role of avenger is a familiar one in Renaissance drama. His father, whom he deeply loved and admired, is recently deceased, and he himself seems to have been robbed of his birthright.
If Hamlet had simply proceeded to act out the avenger role assigned to him, the play would have lacked the moral and theological complexity that provides its special fascination. Hamlet has, after all, been a student of theology at Wittenberg, and his knowledge complicates the situation.
He is unwilling to act unjustly, yet he is afraid that he is failing to exact a deserved retribution. He debates the murky issue until he becomes unsure whether his own behavior is caused by moral scruple or cowardice. His ruminations stand in sharp contrast with the cynicism of Claudius and the verbose moral platitudes of Polonius, just as the play stands in sharp contrast with the moral simplicity of the ordinary revenge tragedy.
Having once decided on revenge, he wants to destroy his uncle body and soul. It is ironic that Hamlet is thwarted this time by the combination of theological insight with the extreme ferocity of his vengeful intention.
After he leaves Claudius in prayer, the irony of the scene is intensified, for Claudius reveals to the audience that he has not been praying successfully and was not in a state of grace after all.
That Hamlet loses his mental stability is arguable from his behavior toward Ophelia and his subsequent meanderings. Circumstance has forced upon the prince a role whose enormity has overwhelmed the fine emotional and intellectual balance of a sensitive, well-educated man.
Gradually, he is shown regaining control of himself and arming himself with a cold determination to do what he has decided is the just thing.
Even then, it is only in the carnage of the concluding scenes that Hamlet finally carries out his intention. The arrival of Fortinbras, who has been lurking in the background throughout the play, superficially seems to indicate that a new, more direct and courageous order will prevail in the place of the evil of Claudius and the weakness of Hamlet.Set in the Kingdom of Denmark, the play dramatizes the revenge Prince Hamlet exacts on his uncle Claudius for murdering King Hamlet, Claudius's brother and Prince Hamlet's father, and then succeeding to the throne and taking as his wife Gertrude, the old king's widow and Prince Hamlet's mother.
The play vividly portrays both true and feigned . What do you call the play? HAMLET The Mouse-trap. Marry, how? Tropically. This play Eyes without feeling, feeling without sight, Ears without hands or eyes, smelling sans all, 'Tis Hamlets character.
'Naked! And in a postscript here, he says 'alone.' Can you advise me? LAERTES. In the play Hamlet, Ophelia, a girl raised by obedience and manipulation, uses these flowers in a fit of madness and their archetypal meanings to express her thoughts, feelings, and hopes towards her once thought as lover, Hamlet.
And Hamlet is even more surprised when his father's ghost appears and declares that he was murdered. Exact dates are unknown, but scholars agree that Shakespeare published Hamlet between and Many believe that Hamlet is the best of Shakespeare's work, and the perfect play.
The Psychology of Hamlet As the play unfolds, we learn that it is, in fact, the ghost of Hamlet Sr., the King of eyes, that is, if a ghostly apparition can be likened to a god?
Hamlet’s own feelings about Claudiusare contingent with his father’s ghost when the ghost says: “Ay, that. The play-within-a-play serves an important function in the plot because it allows Hamlet to obtain evidence of Claudius's guilt.
How might the play also be related to the motif of false appearance? The actors are (unwittingly) participating in trapping Claudius.