Some people continue to defend trickle-down theories, which assume [?
The Fascists came to associate the term with the ancient Roman fasces or fascio littorio  —a bundle of rods tied around an axe,  an ancient Roman symbol of the authority of the civic magistrate  carried by his lictorswhich could be used for corporal and capital punishment at his command.
Definitions of fascism Historians, political scientists and other scholars have long debated the exact nature of fascism.
He distinguishes an inter-war period in which it manifested itself in elite-led but populist "armed party" politics opposing socialism and liberalism and promising radical politics to rescue the nation from decadence. Fascist philosophies vary by application, but remain distinct by one theoretic commonality.
All traditionally fall into the far-right sector of any political spectrumcatalyzed by afflicted class identities over conventional social inequities  John LukacsHungarian-American historian and Holocaust survivor, argues that there is no such thing as generic fascism. He claims that National Socialism and communism are essentially manifestations of populism and that states such as National Socialist Germany and Fascist Italy are more different than similar.
The more a person considers inequality to be unavoidable or even desirable, the further to the right he or she will be". These words in any case do not have a fixed and unchanged meaning: We don't give a damn about these empty terminologies and we despise those who are terrorized by these words".
The "Fascist left" included Michele BianchiGiuseppe BottaiAngelo Oliviero OlivettiSergio Panunzio and Edmondo Rossoniwho were committed to advancing national syndicalism as a replacement for parliamentary liberalism in order to modernize the economy and advance the interests of workers and common people.
While continuing to rely on Germany for support, Mussolini and the remaining loyal Fascists founded the Italian Social Republic with Mussolini as head of state. Mussolini sought to re-radicalize Italian Fascism, declaring that the Fascist state had been overthrown because Italian Fascism had been subverted by Italian conservatives and the bourgeoisie.
Fascist insult The term "fascist" has been used as a pejorative regarding varying movements across the far right of the political spectrum. Should we say that she is Fascist? Maurras distrusted what he considered the democratic mystification of the popular will that created an impersonal collective subject.
Marinetti rejected conventional democracy based on majority rule and egalitarianism, for a new form of democracy, promoting what he described in his work "The Futurist Conception of Democracy" as the following: The Italian Socialist Party PSI opposed the war but a number of Italian revolutionary syndicalists supported war against Germany and Austria-Hungary on the grounds that their reactionary regimes had to be defeated to ensure the success of socialism.
Johann Plenge 's concept of the " Spirit of " identified the outbreak of war as a moment that forged nationalistic German solidarity Similar political ideas arose in Germany after the outbreak of the war.
German sociologist Johann Plenge spoke of the rise of a "National Socialism" in Germany within what he termed the "ideas of " that were a declaration of war against the "ideas of " the French Revolution.The American Empire.
By Wade Frazier. Revised July Purpose and Disclaimer. Timeline.
Introduction. The New World Before “Discovery,” and the First Contacts. The s was the ten-year period from the years to In the United States, the s were marked by a severe economic depression sparked by the Panic of , as well as several strikes in the industrial workforce.
The decade saw much of the development of the automobile.. The period was sometimes referred to as the "Mauve Decade" – because William Henry Perkin's aniline dye. Why Are There So Many Civil Wars in Africa? peaceful if ethnic groups feel adequately represented by their national political institutions and if the economy provides opportunity for productive activity.
Simulations of the effect of political liberalization and economic. Essay, term paper research paper on Civil War. The Fifty-Fourth Massachusetts was established in early under the direction of colonel Robert Gould Shaw.
This essay delves deeply into the origins of the Vietnam War, critiques U.S. justifications for intervention, examines the brutal conduct of the war, and discusses the . Economic and Political Causes of Civil Wars in Africa: Some Econometric Results 7 Also, rebellions may occur when forgone income is unusually low and this can be proxied by mean income per capita, male secondary schooling, and the growth rate of the economy in the preceding.